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©2000 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Adobe® Photoshop® 6.0 User Guide for Windows® and Macintosh

This manual, as well as the software described in it, is furnished under license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license. The content of this manual is furnished for informational use only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Adobe Systems Incorporated. Adobe assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this documentation. Except as permitted by such license, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Adobe.

Please remember that existing artwork or images that you may want to include in your project may be protected under copyright law.

The unauthorized incorporation of such material into your new work could be a violation of the rights of the copyright owner. Please be sure to obtain any permission required from the copyright owner.

Any references to company names in sample templates are for demonstration purposes only and are not intended to refer to any actual organization.

Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, Acrobat Reader, Adobe Dimensions, Adobe Gamma, After Effects, FrameMaker, GoLive, Illustrator, ImageReady, InDesign, InProduction, Minion, Myriad, PageMaker, Photoshop, PostScript, PressReady, and Streamline are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Microsoft and Windows are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Apple, AppleTalk, ColorSync, LaserWriter, Mac, Macintosh, and QuickTime are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. registered in the U.S. and other countries. QuickTime and the QuickTime logo are trademarks used under license. Kodak and Photo CD are trademarks of Eastman Kodak Company. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Contains an implementation of the LZW algorithm licensed under U.S Patent 4,558,302.

Adobe Systems Incorporated, 345 Park Avenue, San Jose, California 95110, USA

Notice to U.S. Government End Users. The Software and Documentation are “Commercial Items,” as that term is defined at 48 C.F.R. §2.101, consisting of “Commercial Computer Software” and “Commercial Computer Software Documentation,” as such terms are used in 48 C.F.R. §12.212 or 48 C.F.R. §227.7202, as applicable. Consistent with 48 C.F.R. §12.212 or 48 C.F.R. §§227.7202-1 through 227.7202-4, as applicable, the Commercial Computer Software and Commercial Computer Software Documentation are being licensed to U.S. Government end users (a) only as Commercial Items and (b) with only those rights as are granted to all other end users pursuant to the terms and conditions herein. Unpublished-rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Adobe Systems Incorporated, 345 Park Avenue, San Jose, CA 95110-2704, USA. For U.S. Government End Users, Adobe agrees to comply with all applicable equal opportunity laws including,

if appropriate, the provisions of Executive Order 11246, as amended, Section 402 of the Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 (38 USC 4212), and Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and the regulations at 41 CFR Parts 60-1 through 60-60, 60-250, and 60-741. The affirmative action clause and regulations contained in the preceding sentence shall be incorporated by reference in this Agreement.

Part Number: 90024592 (09/00)

Contents

Getting Started

Adobe Photoshop Basics

What’s New in Adobe

Photoshop 6.0

iii

Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 1

Installing Adobe Photoshop and ImageReady . . . . . . . . . .

. 1

Learning Adobe Photoshop and ImageReady . . . . . . . . . . .

1

Using Web resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

Other learning resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Customer support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

Using tools and palettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

Opening images in Photoshop and ImageReady . . . . . . .

12

Streamlining your workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Making tonal and color adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

Retouching images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

Making pixel selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18

Making edits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

Using layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22

Compositing images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24

Painting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26

Drawing shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

Creating type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

Editing type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

31

Designing Web graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32

Creating animations (ImageReady) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33

Optimizing Web graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34

Superb vector support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

40

Enhanced vector output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42

Layer styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42

Interactive image warping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

Enhanced slicing capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

Enhanced support for image maps and rollovers . . . . . . .

47

Weighted optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

48

Improved Web workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

48

Streamlined interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

49

iv CONTENTS

Looking at the Work Area

Getting Images into

Photoshop and

ImageReady

Enhanced layer management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . 50

Expanded text features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 51

Preset Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 53

Other new and enhanced features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 53

Chapter 1

Using the toolbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 57

Using the tool options bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 59

Using palettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 60

Using context menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 64

Viewing images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 64

Correcting mistakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 68

Reverting to any state of an image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 69

Duplicating images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 73

Using rulers, the measure tool, guides, and the grid

. . . . . 74

Working with Extras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 77

Displaying status information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 78

Displaying file and image information . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 78

Annotating images (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 80

Jumping between applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 82

Previewing an image in a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 84

Managing libraries with the Preset Manager

(Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 85

Setting preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 86

Resetting all warning dialogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 87

Monitoring operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 88

Closing files and quitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 88

Chapter 2

About bitmap images and vector graphics . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 91

About image size and resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 92

Changing image size and resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 95

Scanning images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 99

Creating new images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 100

Opening and importing images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 101

Placing files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 104

Managing files with WebDAV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 106

Working with Color

Producing Consistent

Color (Photoshop)

Selecting

v

Chapter 3

About color modes and models (Photoshop) . . . . . .

. . . . 109

Color gamuts (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 114

Adjusting the monitor display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 114

Channels and bit depth (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 116

Converting between color modes (Photoshop) . . . . .

. . . 117

Converting to indexed color (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 118

Applying colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 118

Making color and tonal adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 118

Chapter 4

Why colors sometimes don’t match . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 121

About color management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 121

Do you need color management? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 122

Creating a viewing environment for

color management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 123

Setting up color management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 124

Using predefined color management settings . . . . . .

. . . 124

Customizing color management settings . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 126

Specifying working spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 127

Specifying color management policies . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 128

Customizing advanced color management settings

. . . 130

Saving and loading color management settings . . . .

. . . 130

Synchronizing color management between

applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 131

Soft-proofing colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 131

Changing the color profile of a document . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 133

Embedding profiles in saved documents . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 134

Obtaining, installing, and updating color profiles . . .

. . . 134

Creating an ICC monitor profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 136

Chapter 5

About selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 139

Making pixel selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 139

Adjusting pixel selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 146

Softening the edges of a selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 147

Moving, copying, and pasting selections and layers

. . . . 149

Working with snap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 152

vi CONTENTS

Saving and loading selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

153

Deleting selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

153

Removing fringe pixels from a selection

(Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

154

Extracting objects from their background

(Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

154

Drawing and Editing

Chapter 6

About drawing and painting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

161

Drawing shapes and paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

161

Using the shape tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

164

Using the pen tools (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

166

Drawing overlapping shapes (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

171

Using the Paths palette (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

171

Editing paths (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

172

Managing paths (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

179

Converting between paths and selection borders

(Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

180

Adding color to paths (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

182

Transforming and retouching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

182

Using Channels and Masks

Chapter 7

About channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

185

Using the Channels palette (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

185

Managing channels (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

187

Mixing color channels (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

190

Adding spot colors (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

191

Using channel calculations to blend layers

and channels (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

194

About masks (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

197

Creating temporary masks in Quick Mask mode

(Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

197

Storing masks in alpha channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

199

Using Layers

Chapter 8

About layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

205

About layer sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

206

Using the Layers palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

206

Creating a layered image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

210

vii

Grouping layers into sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 213

Moving and aligning the contents of layers . . . . . . . .

. . . 214

Editing layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 216

Creating clipping groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 218

Specifying layer properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 219

Using the Layer Style dialog box (Photoshop) . . . . . . .

. . 220

Setting layer blending options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 221

Using layer styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 226

Customizing layer styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 230

Creating and editing contours (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . .

. . 236

Hiding portions of a layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 237

Using adjustment layers or fill layers (Photoshop) . . . .

. . 242

Managing layered images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 246

Using Type

Chapter 9

About type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 251

Creating type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 251

Working with type layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 254

Formatting characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 258

Formatting paragraphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 265

Controlling hyphenation and justification . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 267

Working with composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 267

Setting options for Chinese, Japanese,

and Korean type (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 267

Designing Web Pages

Chapter 10

About designing Web pages with Photoshop and

ImageReady . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 271

Creating and viewing slices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 272

Selecting and modifying slices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 276

Specifying slice options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 281

Creating and viewing image maps (ImageReady) . . . .

. . 286

Selecting and modifying image maps (ImageReady)

. . . 288

Specifying image map options (ImageReady) . . . . . . .

. . 291

Selecting an image map type (ImageReady) . . . . . . . . .

. . 292

Working with rollovers (ImageReady) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 292

Creating Web photo galleries (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . .

. . 297

viii CONTENTS

Creating Animations (ImageReady)

Optimizing Images for the Web

Saving and Exporting

Images

Chapter 11

About animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

301

Creating animations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

301

Working with layers in animations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

306

Viewing animations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

309

Optimizing animations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

309

Viewing animated images in Photoshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

310

Saving animations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

310

Opening and importing files as animations . . . . . . . . . . . .

311

Chapter 12

About optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

315

Viewing images during optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

316

Choosing a file format for optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

317

Optimizing images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

320

Using weighted optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

327

Optimizing colors in GIF and PNG-8 images . . . . . . . . . . .

330

Working with hexadecimal values for color . . . . . . . . . . .

337

Making transparent and matted images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

339

Previewing and controlling dithering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

341

Setting optimization preferences (ImageReady) . . . . . . .

345

Using a droplet to automate optimization settings

(ImageReady) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

346

Saving optimized images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

347

Setting output options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

348

Creating background images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

352

Chapter 13

Saving images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

357

About file formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

364

Adding file information (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

366

Adding digital copyright information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

366

Setting preferences for saving files (Photoshop) . . . . . . .

366

Creating multiple-image layouts (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . .

367

Placing Photoshop images in other applications

(Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

369

ix

Printing (Photoshop)

Chapter 14

About printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

375

Printing images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

376

Positioning and scaling images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

377

Setting output options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

378

Selecting halftone screen attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

379

Printing part of an image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

382

Choosing a print encoding method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

382

Printing vector graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

382

Using color management when printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

382

Printing with Adobe PressReady . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

383

Creating color traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

384

Printing duotones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

384

Printing color separations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

389

Automating Tasks

Chapter 15

About actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

393

Using the Actions palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

394

Recording actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

394

Playing actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

399

Setting playback options (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

400

Editing actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

400

Managing actions in the Actions palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

402

Using the Batch command (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

405

Using droplets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

406

Using the Automate commands (Photoshop) . . . . . . . . .

410

External automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

411

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

413

Welcome to the Adobe® Photoshop® 6.0 application, the world-standard image-editing, photo-retouching,

and Web-graphics solution. With its integrated Web tool application, Adobe ImageReady3.0, Photoshop delivers a comprehensive environment for professional designers and graphics producers to create sophisticated images for both print and the Web. Moreover, Photoshop 6.0 expands the definition of desktop image-editing by adding new support for vector-based drawing and editing, improved tools for producing Web graphics,

and an enhanced user interface, all to your creative advantage.

Registration

Adobe is confident you will find that its software greatly increases your productivity. So that Adobe can continue to provide you with the highest quality software, offer technical support, and inform you about new Photoshop software developments, please register your application.

When you first start the Photoshop or ImageReady application, you’re prompted to register online. You can choose to submit the form directly or fax a printed copy. You can also register by filling out and returning the registration card included with your software package.

Installing Adobe Photoshop and

ImageReady

You must install the Photoshop and ImageReady applications from the Adobe Photoshop CD onto your hard drive; you cannot run the program from the CD.

Follow the on-screen installation instructions. For more detailed information, see the InstallReadMe file on the CD. The single installer installs both the Photoshop and ImageReady applications.

Learning Adobe Photoshop and

ImageReady

Adobe provides a variety of options for you to learn Photoshop, including printed guides, online Help, and tool tips. Using the Adobe Online feature, you can easily access a host of continually updated Web resources for learning Photoshop, from tips and tutorials to tech support information.

Adobe Acrobat® Readersoftware, included on the Photoshop CD, lets you view PDF files. Acrobat Reader or Adobe Acrobat is required to view many documents included on this CD.

Using the printed documentation

Two printed documents are included with the application.

2

Getting Started

Using online Help

The Adobe Photoshop and ImageReady applications include complete documentation in an HTML-based help system. The help system includes all of the information in the Adobe Photoshop 6.0 User Guide plus information on additional features, keyboard shortcuts, and fullcolor illustrations.

For more detailed information about using online Help, click the Help on Help button

next to the Content tab.

To properly view online Help topics, you need

Netscape Communicator 4.0 (or later) or

Microsoft® Internet Explorer 4.0 (or later).

You must also have JavaScript active.

To start online Help:

Do one of the following:

Choose Help > Help Contents (Photoshop) or Help > Help Topics (ImageReady).

Press F1 (Windows).

Adobe Photoshop 6.0 User Guide Contains essential information on using Photoshop and ImageReady commands and features. Complete information on all topics is available in online Help. The printed guide and help also indicate when a topic, procedure, or command pertains specifically to Photoshop or ImageReady,

for example, “Choose View > Actual Pixels (Photoshop) or View > Actual Size (ImageReady).”

The user guide assumes you have a working knowledge of your computer and its operating conventions, including how to use a mouse and standard menus and commands. It also assumes you know how to open, save, and close files. For help with any of these techniques, please see your Microsoft Windows® or Mac® OS documentation.

Adobe Photoshop Quick Reference Card

Contains basic information about the Adobe Photoshop and ImageReady tools and palettes, and shortcuts for using them. Shortcuts are also included in the online Help.

Using tool tips

The tool tips feature lets you display the name of tools, or buttons and controls in palettes.

To identify a tool or control:

Position the pointer over a tool or control and pause. A tool tip appears showing the name and keyboard shortcut (if any) for the item.

If tool tips don’t appear, the preference for displaying them may be turned off.

To display tool tips:

1Choose Edit > Preferences > General.

2Select Show Tool Tips, and click OK.

Note: Tool tips are not available in most dialog boxes.

Using Web resources

If you have an Internet connection and a Web browser installed on your system, you can access additional resources for learning Photoshop and ImageReady located on the Adobe Systems home page on the World Wide Web. These resources are continually updated.

To access the Adobe home page for your region:

1Open the Adobe U.S. home page at www.adobe.com.

2From the Adobe Sites menu, choose your geographical region. The Adobe home page is customized for several geographical regions.

About Adobe Online

Adobe Online provides access to the latest tutorials, quicktips, and other Web content for Photoshop and other Adobe products.

Using Adobe Online, you can also download and view the current version of the Photoshop Top Issues document containing the latest Photoshop technical support solutions. Bookmarks are also included to take you quickly to noteworthy Adobeand Photoshop-related sites.

Using Adobe Online

Adobe Online is constantly changing, so you should refresh before you use it. Refreshing through Adobe Online updates bookmarks and buttons so you can quickly access the most current content available. You can use preferences to automatically refresh Adobe Online daily, weekly, or monthly.

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User Guide

When you set up Adobe Online to connect to your Web browser, Adobe can either notify you whenever new information is available through the Downloadables feature or automatically download that information to your hard disk.

If you choose not to use the automatic download feature, you can still view and download new files whenever they are available using the Downloadables command in the Help menu.

To use Adobe Online:

1 In Photoshop or ImageReady, choose Help > Adobe Online, or click the icon at the top of the toolbox.

Note: You must have an Internet connection and an Internet browser installed. Adobe Online will launch your browser using your default Internet configuration.

2 Do any of the following:

Click Refresh to make sure you have the latest version of the Adobe Online window and its buttons, as well as the latest bookmarks. It is important to refresh the screen so that the current options are available for you to choose from.

Click Preferences to specify connection options. General preferences affect how Adobe Online interacts with all Adobe products installed on your system, and Application preferences affect how

4

Getting Started

Adobe Online interacts with Photoshop and ImageReady. To see an explanation of each preference option, click Setup and follow the prompts. You also can set up an automatic refresh using the Update Options.

Note: You can also set Adobe Online preferences by choosing Edit > Preferences > Adobe Online.

Click any button in the Adobe Online window to open the Web page to which the button is linked.

Click the bookmark button () to view suggested Web sites related to Photoshop and Adobe. These bookmarks are automatically updated as new Web sites become available.

Click Close to return to Photoshop or ImageReady.

Accessing Adobe Online through the

Help menu

The Help menu includes options to view and download information from the Adobe Web site.

To view updated articles or documents:

Click Help and choose the topic you want to view.

To view and download information from the Adobe

Web site using the Help menu:

1In Photoshop or ImageReady, choose Help > Downloadables.

2Select a View Option:

Select Show Only New Files to view only the files that are new since the last time you viewed downloadable files or were notified of them.

Select Show All Files to view all the files on the Adobe Web site that are currently available for download.

3 Select Download Options:

Select Auto Install Downloaded Components if you want Adobe to start the component’s installer (if available) as soon as the download is complete. You can then follow the prompts to install the files.

Select Download in Background if you want to continue working in Photoshop, ImageReady, and other applications while the file downloads.

Select Notify When Download Complete if you want Adobe to display a message when the files have been transferred to your computer.

4To view a list of files, open the Downloadables folder and any other folder listed.

5To see a description of a file, position the mouse cursor over a filename and view its description in the Item Description section.

6To see the location where a file will be installed if downloaded, select a file and view its location in the Download Directory section. To change the location, click the Folder button ().

7To download a file, select it and click Download.

8To close the Downloadables dialog box,

click Close.

Other learning resources

Other Adobe learning resources are available but are not included with your application.

Classroom in a Book

Is the official training series for Adobe graphics and publishing software. This book is developed by experts at Adobe and published by Adobe Press. The Adobe Photoshop Classroom in a Book includes lessons about using Photoshop. For information on purchasing Adobe Photoshop Classroom in a Book, visit the Adobe Web site at www.adobe.com, or contact your local book distributor.

Official Adobe Print Publishing Guide

Provides in-depth information on successful print production, including topics such as color management, commercial printing, constructing a publication, imaging and proofing, and project management guidelines. For information on purchasing the Official Adobe Print Publishing Guide, visit the Adobe Web site at www.adobe.com.

Official Adobe Electronic Publishing Guide

Tackles the fundamental issues essential to ensuring quality online publications in HTML and PDF. Using simple, expertly illustrated explanations, design and publishing professionals tell you how to design electronic publications for maximum speed, legibility, and effectiveness.

For information on purchasing the Official Adobe Electronic Publishing Guide, visit the Adobe Web site at www.adobe.com.

The Adobe Certification program Offers users, instructors, and training centers the opportunity to demonstrate their product proficiency and promote their software skills as Adobe Certified Experts, Adobe Certified Instructors, or Adobe Authorized Learning Providers. Certification is

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 5

User Guide

available for several different geographical regions. Visit the Partnering with Adobe Web site at www.partners.adobe.com to learn how you can become certified.

Customer support

When you register your product, you may be entitled to technical support for up to 90 days from the date of your first call. Terms may vary depending on the country of residence. For more information, refer to the technical support card provided with the Photoshop documentation.

Customer support on Adobe Online

Adobe Online provides access to FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) and troubleshooting information that provides solutions to common problems.

Additional customer support resources

Adobe Systems provides several forms of automated technical support:

See the ReadMe and ReadMe First! files installed with the program for information that became available after this guide went to press.

Explore the extensive customer support information on Adobe’s World Wide Web site (www.adobe.com). To access the Adobe Web site from Photoshop, choose Help > Adobe Online or click the icon at the top of the toolbox. (See “Using Web resources” on page 3.)

Read the Top Issues PDF that is available from the Help menu.

Adobe Photoshop Basics

This interactive overview of Adobe Photoshop offers a number of short lesson modules designed to introduce the key features of the program. You can complete the modules in sequence, or select individual ones to design your own program introduction. If you are an experienced Photoshop user, you may want to quickly review sections of this overview and then skip to “What’s New in Adobe Photoshop 6.0.”

10

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Setting up the work area

Using tools and palettes

The Photoshop or ImageReady work area consists of the image window, the toolbox, the options bar, and a set of floating palettes. This module shows you the basics of navigating the work area, from selecting tools and tool options to customizing the display and arrangement of palettes.

Select a tool To select a tool, click its icon in the toolbox. Some tools in the toolbox have additional hidden tools, as indicated by the small triangle to the lower right of the tool icon. To select a hidden tool, position the pointer on the visible tool and hold down the mouse button until the tools list appears. Then, click the tool you want.

Choose tool options When you first start the application, the options bar appears docked to the top of your screen. This options bar contains option settings for the currently selected tool.

To display the options bar if it is hidden, click a tool in the toolbox, or choose Window > Show Options.

To move the options bar to a different location, drag the title bar on the left edge of the bar. You can move the options bar anywhere in the work area and dock it to the top or bottom of the screen.

Options bar

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User Guide

Display the palettes When you first start the application, the floating palettes appear stacked in default groups. Use the following techniques to show and hide palettes:

To bring a palette to the front of its group, click the palette’s tab.

To show or hide a palette as you work, choose the appropriate Window > Show or Window > Hide command.

Palette group with Color palette at front

(ImageReady) To show or hide options for

palettes that include hidden options, click the Show Options button () on the palette tab to cycle through palette displays.

To hide or display all open palettes and the toolbox, press Tab. To hide or display palettes only, press Shift+Tab.

Arrange the palettes Depending on your available screen area and work needs, you may want to reposition and regroup the palettes. Use the following techniques to change palette arrangements:

To move an entire palette group, drag its title bar.

To rearrange or separate a palette from its group, drag the palette’s tab. Dragging

a palette outside of an existing group creates a new group.

Click a tab to display a palette stored in the palette well.

To dock palettes together, drag a palette’s tab to the bottom of another palette so that the bottom of the second palette is highlighted. You can move an entire docked group by dragging its title bar. You cannot dock existing palette groups together.

To store an undocked palette in the palette well at the options bar’s right edge, drag the palette’s tab into the palette well so that the palette well is highlighted. To display a palette in the well, click the palette’s tab. This technique is useful for providing quick and compact access to palettes.

12

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Display a palette menu Most palettes have menus that contain additional commands and options.

To display a palette menu, click the black triangle at the upper right of the palette. (For palettes stored in the options bar, first display the palette and then click the black triangle in the palette’s tab.)

Opening images in Photoshop and ImageReady

Photoshop and ImageReady let you open or import a variety of source images. You can create new images, import digital images saved in various formats, and scan or capture images from an imaging device.

(Photoshop) Specify color management settings Before opening or creating new images, specify the color management settings you want to use. Photoshop color management features are designed to help keep colors in your image consistent as the image is transferred between different users, systems, and display and output devices. To set up color management, choose Edit > Color Settings, choose a predefined configuration from the Settings menu, and click OK.

The configuration you choose defines the specific color spaces that Photoshop uses when working with images in RGB, CMYK, and Grayscale modes. For complete information on setting up color management, see the online help section on producing consistent color.

Scan the image at the correct size and resolution If you are scanning an image to be opened in Photoshop or ImageReady, it’s a good idea to scan the image as close as possible to the size dimensions and resolution that you want. When in doubt, scan at a higher resolution than what is needed. You can always reduce the image later in Photoshop or ImageReady by cutting down the resolution or pixel dimensions.

Open or create an image Do one of the following:

Choose File > Open, and locate and select the desired image file. Depending on your color management settings and the color profile associated with the file, you may be prompted to specify how to handle color information in the file.

Choose File > New. Enter a name for the image, and specify its dimensions, resolution (Photoshop only), and color mode (Photoshop only). In addition, specify whether to fill the image with white, the current background color, or transparency.

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 13

User Guide

Set rulers, guides, and the grid To help position and align elements accurately in the image, use rulers, guides, and grid lines:

To display rulers along the top and left side of the document window, choose View > Show Rulers. (In Photoshop, you can change the ruler units by choosing Edit > Preferences > Units & Rulers.)

To place a horizontal or vertical guide, drag from either the horizontal or vertical ruler.

(Photoshop) To display grid lines throughout the document window, choose View > Show > Grid. (You can control the color, style, and spacing of the grid and guide lines by choosing Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid.)

You can toggle the display of guides and grid lines at any time by choosing the appropriate command from the View > Show submenu. Checked items are visible; unchecked items are hidden.

Adjust the image view Photoshop and ImageReady offer several tools for navigating and magnifying the view of your image:

To move a different area of the image into view, drag with the hand tool () in the image.

You can use the hand tool while another tool is selected by holding down the spacebar.

To magnify the view, select the zoom tool (), and click in the image or drag over the part of

the image you want to magnify. To reduce the

view magnification, Alt-click (Windows) or Drag with the zoom tool to magnify. Option-click (Mac OS) with the zoom tool in

the image.

(Photoshop) To adjust the image view using the Navigator palette, choose Window > Show Navigator. In the Navigator palette, drag the view box in the image thumbnail to move the view, or click the area of the thumbnail that you want to display in the window.

To display the same image in multiple windows, choose View > New View. Multiple windows let you display different views of the same image.

14

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Monitor your work status As you experiment with different tools, commands, and image views, check out the status bar at the bottom edge of the document window. This area displays useful information about your work status, such as the current magnification percentage or the name of the currently selected tool. You can specify the type of information displayed by using the pop-up

menu in the status bar.

Status bar

Display the Info palette For convenient access to additional information about your image, display the Info palette by choosing Window > Show Info. The Info palette displays information about the color values in the image beneath the pointer and, depending on the tool in use, other useful measurements.

Streamlining your workflow

Photoshop and ImageReady provide a number of convenient features to help your work flow more smoothly. The Jump To button makes it easy to work on the same image seamlessly in both Photoshop and ImageReady. The Undo command and History palette let you correct editing mistakes. And the Actions palette lets

you save sequences of commonly used tasks so that you can perform them automatically on an image or batch of images.

Switch between Photoshop and ImageReady

You can easily jump between Photoshop and ImageReady when working on an image to use the full feature sets of both applications. To switch to either application, click the Jump To button in the toolbox.

Jump To button in Photoshop and ImageReady

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 15

User Guide

Undo the last performed operation If you make a mistake while working, simply choose Edit > Undo to reverse the effect of the last operation. Most, but not all, operations can be reversed this way.

Undo multiple operations If you need to undo more than one operation, choose Window > Show History to display the History palette. This palette lists all the different states that the image has undergone as a result of the recent edits you’ve made. To revert the image to a previous state, click the name of the state in the History palette.

History palette

Playing an action

Automate repeated tasks To automatically apply a sequence of operations to your image, choose Window > Show Actions to display the Actions palette. This palette includes a default list of common tasks, or actions. You can perform a desired action automatically by selecting it and clicking the Play button () at the bottom of the Actions palette. Or, you can record your own sequence of operations as a stored action in the palette for future playback on a single image or batch of images.

Adjusting tonal levels

16

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Adjusting and retouching images

Making tonal and color adjustments

Upon first opening a scanned image or digital photograph in Photoshop or ImageReady, it’s common to notice some problems with color quality and tonal range. The image may appear washed out, for example, or appear too dark or too light in certain areas.

Open the Levels dialog box When making tonal adjustments to an image in Photoshop, it’s a good idea to use adjustment layers.You can limit the application of flexible and reversible adjustments to an adjustment layer, so that underlying layers show the effects of the adjustment without being permanently altered.

(You can even block areas from being adjusted by painting the adjustment layer with black.) To create an adjustment layer that adjusts the tonality of an image, choose Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Levels. Name the layer and click OK.

In ImageReady, you do not have the option of adjustment layers, so choose Image > Adjust > Levels.

Adjust tonal levels The Levels dialog box displays a graph representing the tonal distribution of the image—from shadows (on the left) to midtones (in the middle) to highlights (on the right).

To achieve good tonal range, drag the black and white sliders to where the graph begins at either end. Then drag the middle slider to adjust midtones to the desired level.

The Levels dialog box provides a useful way to adjust your image’s overall tonal range. The Curves

dialog box represents another, more precise method, letting you adjust any point along a 0–255 tonal scale.

Make other adjustments If needed, you can use other adjustment features to correct for color casts and sharpen details in the final image.

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 17

User Guide

Retouching images

Many of the retouching tools in Photoshop and ImageReady are modeled after traditional photo-studio techniques for correcting blemishes and faulty exposures in images. However, with the power of digital technology you can use these tools to apply all sorts of creative effects beyond basic photo retouching.

Dodge or burn the image The dodge tool () and burn tool () let you respectively lighten and darken a localized area in your image. With either tool selected, choose a brush from the brushes menu in the options bar. In addition, choose the range of tones you want to affect from the range menu in the options bar. Then drag over the part of the image that you want to lighten.

Remove imperfections The clone stamp tool () lets you paint over an area of your image using a sample taken from the same image or another image. With the clone stamp tool selected, choose a brush from the options bar. Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac OS) the image area you want to sample. Release Alt/Option, and then drag to paint with the sample.

For best results, use short strokes when painting, and Alt/Option-click to take updated samples

frequently between strokes. This helps to produce a Removing areas with the clone stamp tool smoother, more natural effect.

18

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Editing images

Making pixel selections

Before you can edit an area of an image, you must first select the image area. This type of selection is called a pixel selection because you are selecting an area that contains pixel information. If you experience trouble selecting the image area you want, you may need to check that you are working on the proper layer.

Select with a marquee tool The marquee tools let you select image areas by dragging to define a shaped selection border. First, select the rectangular marquee () or the elliptical marquee () from the toolbox. Then drag over the area you want to select.

Reposition a selection border At times, you may want to adjust the position of a selection border to enclose a different area of the image. To reposition a selection border using any selection tool, move the pointer inside the border and drag to the desired location. Or, use the arrow keys to move the selection border in gradual increments.

Select with a lasso tool The lasso () and polygon lasso () tools let you select areas by dragging and clicking, respectively, to define the boundary of the selected area. (In Photoshop, you can also use the magnetic lasso tool () to find the edges of the desired area automatically.) These tools are especially useful for selecting irregularly shaped areas.

Selecting with the magnetic lasso tool

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 19

User Guide

Select with the magic wand The magic wand tool () lets you select a consistently colored area without having to trace its outline. To use the magic wand, first enter a tolerance value in the options bar. (A higher tolerance selects a broader range of colors.) Then click the area in the image you want to select.

Modify a selection border The selection tools come with several options for enhancing or modifying an existing selection border. These options can help you select areas that are difficult to define with a single selection. First, make a selection. Then, using any selection tool, specify an option in the options bar:

The Add to Selection option () adds the new selection to the first selection.

The Subtract from Selection option () subtracts the new selection from the first selection.

The Restrict Selection option () selects only the intersection of the two selections.

(Photoshop) Quick Mask mode A quick mask lets you refine an existing selection border with the aid of painting tools. This technique is useful for selecting areas that are more easily defined with a painting brush. Use any selection tool to select the desired image area, and then click the Quick Mask mode button () in the toolbox. In Quick Mask mode, everything outside the selection appears masked by a color overlay. Do any of the following to modify the selection border:

To add to the selection, use a painting tool to paint with white. (See “Painting” on page 26 for more information.)

To subtract from the selection, paint with black.

To create a semitransparent selection area, paint with gray. This is useful for creating a selection with feathered edges.

Click the Standard mode button () to turn off the quick mask and display the modified selection border.

20

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Making edits

Photoshop and ImageReady are equipped with a rich collection of editing tools and commands that you can use to modify your images. In addition to basic edits such as repositioning or applying geometric changes to a selection, you can create an unlimited variety of special effects using the Filter commands.

Resize the image To change the dimensions or resolution of your image, choose Image > Image Size and specify values for the image:

For an image intended for the Web or online display, enter values for the pixel dimensions and click OK.

(Photoshop) For an image intended for printed output, enter values for the physical output size. Enter the resolution value recommended for your press or desktop printer, and click OK.

Move a selection To move a selected pixel area, select the move tool () in the toolbox. Position the pointer inside the selection, and drag the selection to a new location.

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 21

User Guide

Duplicate a selection You can also use the move tool to duplicate a selection. With the move tool selected, simply Alt-drag (Windows) or Option-drag (Mac OS) the selection to copy it.

Duplicating a selection

Rotating a selection

Apply a transformation The transformation commands let you make geometric changes—such as resizing, rotations, shears, distortions, and reflections—to a selection. To apply a transformation, do one of the following:

Choose the desired command from the Edit > Transform menu. (In Photoshop, this menu changes to Edit > Transform Path if a vector shape is selected.)

Select the move tool (), and select Show Bounding Box in the options bar.

If applicable, drag the handles that appear around the selection to achieve the desired effect. Then press Enter or Return to apply the transformation. You can even choose additional transformation commands before you press Enter or Return, adjusting the handles for each command to achieve a cumulative effect.

Apply a filter Photoshop and ImageReady provide a generous array of filters for creating all kinds of special effects—from blurs and ripples to mosaics, brushlike patterns, and other artistic effects. To apply a filter to a pixel selection, select a command from a submenu in the Filter menu. (If no selection exists, the filter is applied to the entire layer.)

Layers palette with expanded display

22

Adobe Photoshop Basics

Using layers

Layers provide a powerful way for you to organize and manage the various components of your image.

For example, by placing an element on a separate layer, you can easily edit and arrange the element without interfering with other parts of the image. Layers also provide the basis for managing and defining advanced features such as Web animations and rollovers.

Display the list of layers If needed, choose Window > Show Layers to display the Layers palette. This palette shows the list of layers that have been created in the image. The thumbnail previews help you monitor the contents of each layer. Layers may be grouped under layer sets to aid in organizing complex images. To toggle between the expanded and collapsed displays of a layer set, click the triangle to the left of the layer set’s name.

Change the visibility of a layer To help focus your work on individual layers in the image, you can toggle the visibility of one or more layers:

To make a single layer invisible, click the eye icon next to that layer in the Layers palette.

To display just a single layer and make all other

layers invisible, Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac OS) the eye icon next to the layer you want to show.

Reordering a layer set

ADOBE PHOTOSHOP 6.0 23

User Guide

Select a layer Often you will need to target a specific layer for further editing in Photoshop or ImageReady. For instance, many tasks—such as transformations or filters—can be applied to entire layers as well as to individual selections. In addition, you must first target a layer in order to select an area or shape that sits on that layer. To select or target a layer, click its name in the Layers palette.

Create a selection based on the contents of a layer To select all the opaque contents of a layer, Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS) the layer in the Layers palette. The resulting selection border represents the boundaries of the layer.

Adjust opacity and blending mode For each layer, you can specify an opacity percentage (to control how much layers beneath show through) and blending mode (to control how the colors in the layer are blended with the colors of underlying layers). To specify the opacity of a selected layer, enter a value for Opacity or drag the slider at the upper right of the Layers palette. To specify a blending mode for a selected layer, choose an option from the menu at the upper left of the Layers palette.

Move a layer’s stacking order The Layers palette displays layers in the order that they are stacked in the image, with the topmost layer appearing at the top of the list. To move a layer (or layer set) to a different level in the stacking order, simply drag the layer up or down in the palette. You can also move a layer into a layer set by dragging the layer over the layer set icon.

Move a layer’s contents To move all the contents of

a layer to a different position in the image, first select the layer in the Layers palette. Then use the move tool () to drag in the image. Only the contents of the selected layer are affected.

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Adobe Photoshop Basics

Apply a layer style You can apply predefined styles to the contents of a layer to produce instant graphic effects. This feature is especially useful for creating Web buttons and rollover states.You can also define your own layer styles.

To apply a style, choose Window > Show Styles to

display the Styles palettes. Select the desired layer in

the Layers palette, and then select the style you

want to apply from the Styles palette.

Applying a layer style

Compositing images

You can use various features in Photoshop and ImageReady to combine several images or parts of images to produce creative compositions. For example, by isolating the foreground area of an image and placing it against the background of another image, you can create unlimited composite effects.

Copy a layer between images To copy a layer with all its contents from one image to another, make sure that both images are open. In the Layers palette for the source image, select the layer that you want to copy. Then select the move tool (), and drag from the source image to the destination image until a border highlights the destination window. (If you have made a selection, only the selected area is copied to the destination image.)

(Photoshop) Erase the background area of a layer The background eraser tool () lets you erase similarly colored areas of a layer. This is useful for extracting a foreground object that is surrounded by a consistently colored background. First select the desired layer in the Layers palette. Select the background eraser tool, and set the Tolerance option to a low value. Then drag in the area that you want to remove.

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User Guide

(Photoshop) Extract part of an image The Extract Image command provides controls for isolating image areas with wispy or intricate edges.

First, duplicate the layer containing the desired area, and select the duplicate layer in the Layers palette. Then choose Image > Extract.

In the Extract dialog box, drag with the edge highlighter tool () in the image preview to highlight the edges of the desired area. Then click inside the highlighted area with the fill tool ().

Click OK to perform the extraction. All areas on Extracting an image area the layer outside the extracted area are erased

to transparency.

Mask part of a layer Layer masks let you selectively hide parts of a layer without permanently altering the layer. For example, you can create a mask that reveals a certain area of detail on a layer; the rest of the layer is hidden but still available behind the mask. In the Layers palette, select the layer that you want to mask, and click the New Layer Mask button () at the bottom of the palette. Create the mask:

To add to the mask and hide more of the layer, use a painting tool to paint with black. (See “Painting” on page 26 for more information.)

To subtract from the mask and reveal more of the layer, paint with white.

To create a semitransparent mask, paint with gray. This is useful for partially hiding areas of the layer.

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Adobe Photoshop Basics

Painting and drawing

Painting

Painting in Photoshop or ImageReady is as easy as choosing a color, selecting a tool, choosing a brush tip, and dragging in the image to paint. The various painting tools are modeled after styles of traditional paint media.

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Choose a foreground color Before painting an

image, you need to specify the foreground color

that will be used to paint. Click the top color

selection box in the toolbox, and choose a color

in the color picker. You can select the Only Web

Colors option to confine your range of choices to

Web-safe colors.

You can also use the Color or Swatches palette to

choose colors.

Choosing a foreground color

Select a painting tool Select a painting tool from the toolbox and drag in the image to paint:

The paintbrush tool () creates soft strokes of color.

The pencil tool () creates hard-edged freehand lines.

The airbrush tool () lets you apply gradual tones and sprays of color. You can build up color (as with a traditional airbrush) by holding down the mouse in a stationary position.

The eraser tool () lets you erase areas to transparency or, if you’re working in the background layer or in a layer with locked transparency, to the background color. (You set the background color by clicking the bottom color selection box in the toolbox.)

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User Guide

Choose a brush The Brush option in the options bar lets you specify the brush tip used by many painting and editing tools. With a painting tool selected, click the triangle to the right of the Brush option in the options bar to display the brushes. Then click to select the desired brush tip.

(Larger brushes are indicated by numeric size rather than representative preview.) You can customize the specified brush by clicking its

preview in the options bar.

Sample brushes

Specify opacity and blending mode In the options bar for each painting tool, you can also specify an opacity (to control how much the underlying image shows through the paint) and a blending mode (to control how the paint is blended with the colors of the underlying image).

Drawing shapes

The shape tools let you draw crisp-edged shapes of various dimensions and colors. Unlike pixel data such as a scanned photograph, these shapes are defined using the mathematical principle of vectors. Used in drawing applications such as Adobe Illustrator® and now Photoshop and ImageReady, vectors describe shape, size, and boundary properties of graphics with clean, resolution-independent precision.

Select a shape tool and set options Select the rectangle tool (), rounded rectangle tool (), ellipse tool (), or polygon tool () from the toolbox. Then select one of the following drawing options from the options bar:

The Create Shape Layer option () creates a vector shape filled with the current foreground color. The shape is created on a new layer containing a layer clipping path.

The Create Work Path option () creates an unfilled vector path with shaped boundaries. The shape appears as a new work path in the Paths palette.

The Fill Region option () creates a rasterized shape filled with the current foreground color on the active layer. Selecting this option creates a shape based on pixel, rather than vector, information.

You can also specify other settings in the options bar, such as layer style, opacity, and blending mode.

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Adobe Photoshop Basics

Draw a vector shape Drag in the image to draw the specified shape.

Drawing a shape on a shape layer

Adding to an existing shape

Select a shape To select a vector shape for editing, you must first target the layer or path containing the shape. Do one of the following:

If the shape is part of a layer, click the shape thumbnail in the Layers palette. (The path associated with the shape is automatically selected in the Paths palette.) In ImageReady, the shape is automatically selected in the image with a bounding box for repositioning or transforming.

(Photoshop) If the shape is stored in the Paths palette, select that path in the palette.

After you have targeted the layer or path in Photoshop, select the path component selection tool () in the toolbox, and click anywhere inside the shape in the artwork. To help make the selected shape more visible, select Show Bounding Box in the options bar.

Selecting a shape on a shape layer

Selecting a shape on a work path

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User Guide

(Photoshop) Create a custom shape When the shape layer or work path option is selected in the options bar, you can use the basic shape tools in combination with one another to create more complex shapes. Select the shape you want to modify, and then select the shape tool you want to use to add variations to the first shape. Then select one of the following from the options bar:

The Add Path Area option () adds the new shape on top of the first shape.

The Subtract Path Area option () subtracts the overlapping area of the two shapes.

The Restrict Path Area option () keeps only the overlapping area of the two shapes.

The Invert Path Area option () reverses the fill of the overlapping area of the two shapes and the background.

Drag with the shape tool to draw a shape that interacts with the first shape in the manner specified.

You can continue to add more variations to the custom shape using the different shape tools and options.

(Photoshop) Define a custom shape You can simplify the process of recreating a custom shape by storing it in the custom shape library. You can then redraw the shape automatically at any time using the custom shape tool. Select the shape that you just created and choose Edit > Define Custom Shape.

(Photoshop) Draw with the custom shape tool Select the custom shape tool (), and choose your custom shape from the Shape list in the options bar. Then drag in the image to draw the shape.

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Adobe Photoshop Basics

Working with type

Creating type

Photoshop and ImageReady provide excellent support for adding graphic type and text to images. You can enter and preview type directly in an image, as well as specify a full range of formatting options. Type is automatically added to a new layer.

Set a type insertion point Select the type tool () in the toolbox, and do one of the following:

To enter type at a point, click in the image to set an insertion point. The type is added starting from the point you click.

To enter type inside a bounding box, drag in the image to define the box. The type automatically wraps to fit inside the bounding box.

Set type attributes You can use the options bar, Character palette, or Paragraph palette to specify various type attributes, such as orientation, font, style, color, and alignment.

Enter text Enter the desired text using the keyboard, pressing Enter or Return to start new paragraphs. You can continue to change type attributes in the options bar, the Character palette, or the Paragraph palette as you enter additional text.

In Photoshop, you must commit the type to its type layer before you can perform other operations. Click the Commit button () in the options bar to commit the type.

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User Guide

Editing type

Using the type tool in conjunction with the options bar, the Character palette, and the Paragraph palette, you can edit type directly as it appears in an image. In addition, you can apply special warp effects to the shape of type and make global edits to type layers.

Edit type content and attributes Select the type tool (), and click inside the desired type to set an insertion point or drag to highlight the characters you want to edit. Then change the type

content and attributes as desired. In Photoshop, click the Commit button () in the options bar to commit the changes.

Changing the font of a single character

Warp the shape of type The warp feature lets you creatively stretch and distort the shape of type.

Use the type tool to click inside the type you want to warp, and click the warp icon () in the options bar. For Style, choose a warp effect. Specify whether to apply the warp horizontally or vertically, drag the sliders to adjust the intensity of the effect, and click OK.

Apply layer edits to type Because type resides on its own type layer, you can apply all sorts of layer-specific edits to type—from changing the opacity and blending mode to adding layer styles. (See “Using layers” on page 22.)

Slicing an image

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Adobe Photoshop Basics

Preparing Web graphics

Designing Web graphics

Photoshop and ImageReady provide a rich set of tools for adding Web features to your images. Among other benefits, you can divide an image into download-efficient slices, define image maps directly in the image, and add interactive rollover effects.

Slice an image When you slice an image, each rectangular slice downloads individually

so that users can view parts of the image as the downloading progresses. You can also use slices to

help keep file sizes down and define Web features such as links, rollovers, and animations. To slice an image, select the slice tool () and drag in the image to define the slice areas. Photoshop or

ImageReady automatically generates slices for the remaining areas of the image.

Another way to define slices is by using the boundaries of layers. See “Enhanced slicing capabilities” on page 45 for more information.

Assign a URL link to a slice Assigning a URL to a slice makes the entire slice area a hotspot in the Web page, with a link to the specified URL. Select the slice select tool (), and double-click the desired slice to display the Slice Options dialog box (Photoshop) or the Slice palette (ImageReady). Then enter the desired URL destination and, if needed, the target frame.

For information on setting other slice options such as message text and Alt tags, see “Enhanced slicing capabilities” on page 45.

(ImageReady) Create an image map Image maps let you add URL links to different areas of an image. Select the rectangle image map tool (), and drag in the image to define the image map. Then select the image map selection tool () and double-click the desired image map to display the Image Map palette. Enter a name and URL link destination for the image map. If desired, enter a target frame destination and text for an Alt tag.

Setting up animation frames

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User Guide

Photo Elements

(ImageReady) Add a rollover effect Rollover effects display different states of an image when a viewer performs a mouse action—such as rolling or clicking—over an area of the Web page. Layers provide an efficient way to store different image states for rollovers.

Select the slice or image map to which you want to add the rollover, and choose Window > Show Rollover. The Rollover palette shows a single thumbnail representing the normal, inactivated state. Click the New State button () at the bottom of the palette. From the pop-up menu above the new rollover thumbnail, choose the mouse action that you want to trigger the rollover. Then hide and show appropriate layers in the Layers palette to define the appearance of the new rollover state. (The rollover thumbnail updates to reflect the new appearance, which applies only to this rollover state.)

Creating animations (ImageReady)

With ImageReady, it’s easy to create multiple-frame animations from a single image. The key is to use the Animation palette in conjunction with the Layers palette to set up the composition of animation frames. To output your animated image for Web use, optimize the image in GIF format.

Set up the starting frame Choose Window > Show Animation to display the Animation palette. Show and hide appropriate layers in the Layers palette to set up the contents of the starting animation frame. (The frame thumbnail updates to reflect the current image state, which applies only to this animation frame.)

Set up additional frames Click the New Frame button () at the bottom of the Animation palette, and do one of the following:

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Using the Layers palette, modify the image to create the state of the second animation frame.

For example, you can show and hide appropriate layers and layer effects, reposition a layer in the image, or change a layer’s opacity or

blending mode. Click the New Frame button and repeat this step to set up more frames.

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Adobe Photoshop Basics

Using the Layers palette, adjust the position, opacity, or layer effects of desired layers to create the state of the final animation frame. Then choose Tween from the Animation palette menu to have ImageReady generate intermediate frames from the starting and ending states you’ve defined.

Specify which layers and parameters to tween, enter the number of frames to generate, and click OK. The Tween feature is useful for generating a variety of animations, such as making a single layer move across the canvas or fade in or out.

Preview the animation ImageReady offers the convenience of previewing your animation directly in the image window. In the Animation palette, select the first animation frame and then click the Play button () at the bottom of the palette.

Optimizing Web graphics

Optimization involves compressing the file size while optimizing the display quality of an image for Web output. Photoshop and ImageReady let you optimize images in several Web file formats—

GIF, JPEG, and PNG—and provide you with both basic and advanced controls for fine-tuning the quality and compression level of the optimization. Because live previews of the optimized image are regenerated whenever an optimization setting is adjusted, you are free to experiment with different settings before committing to final changes.

Compare original and optimized images Choose File > Save for Web (Photoshop) or Window > Show Optimize (ImageReady) to display the Web optimization settings. Click the Optimized tab above the image preview (Photoshop) or in the image window (ImageReady) to display how the image will appear on the Web using the current optimization settings. To display original and optimized previews side by side, click the 2-Up tab.

Choose an optimization set Photoshop and ImageReady provide a number of predefined optimization settings. To apply a predefined optimization set, choose the desired set from the Settings menu in the Save for Web dialog box (Photoshop) or the Optimize palette (ImageReady).

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User Guide

View optimized file information In Photoshop, you can view optimized file information—such as file size and projected download time for various modem speeds—below the optimized preview in the Save for Web dialog box. In ImageReady, you can display two sets of file information in the status bar along the bottom edge of the image window. Click the triangle next to either information set to choose one of the optimized information display options.

Optimizing a GIF image with 8 colors, shifted to Web-safe values

Fine-tune optimization settings You can further customize the optimization by adjusting individual optimization settings. You can even name and save your customized settings as a new optimization set.

Save the optimized image Click OK in the Save for Web dialog box (Photoshop) or choose File > Save Optimized As (ImageReady). For Format, choose one of the following options:

Images Only generates only the optimized image files. If you have defined slices in your image, an optimized file is generated for each slice.

HTML and Images generates an HTML file along with the optimized image files. If you have defined slices in your image, this HTML file contains code for the table that assembles the slices. If you are saving the image from ImageReady, the HTML file also contains code for any Web features—such as image maps, animations, or rollovers—that you have added to the image.

What’s New in Adobe Photoshop 6.0

Adobe Photoshop 6.0, along with the dedicated Web tool ImageReady 3.0, delivers powerful imageediting capabilities with a range of new features that offer something for every user. New capabilities include integrated vector-drawing tools to extend your creative range, expanded tools and features for Web-production tasks, and numerous interface enhancements to help you get to work quickly and use the Photoshop and ImageReady features more fully.

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What’s New in Adobe Photoshop 6.0

Expand beyond pixels

Superb vector support

Photoshop 6.0 provides integrated tools for creating and outputting crisp, editable vector shapes and text. With these new tools, you can incorporate resolution-independent, vector-based graphics and type along with pixel-based images to achieve an unparalleled range of design effects. You can save vector data in EPS, DCS, TIFF, and PDF formats.

Shape tools The new rectangle, rounded rectangle, ellipse, polygon, custom shape, and line tools let you create a wide variety of vector-based shapes. These tools let you create shapes in three forms: as work paths, as shape layers, or as painted pixels.

Shape editing Photoshop 6.0—like Adobe Illustrator and other Adobe programs—also provides pathfinder operations for quickly

Adobe Photoshop Elements

combining basic vector shapes into hard-to-draw shapes. These operations include add, subtract, restrict, and invert. You can edit the segments of any basic or combined shape by using the direct

Photoshop Elements Free Download

selection, add anchor point, delete anchor point,

and convert anchor point tools.

Adding to a basic shape and result after combining